the assorted works of  G. H. Spaulding

 

NAHA

Big doin's at the old base

(Wonder what ever happened to the 440 Club)

 

(1) The Naha airport development plan includes a new terminal building.

(2) Naha Airport's traffic is likely to increase as a result of the new terminal.

(3) The airport's central location equips it to act as a centre for short flights in eastern Asia.

 

Photos, captions and the following article from airport-technology.com

 

NAHA AIRPORT EXPANSION, JAPAN

Naha Airport and Naha Harbour are both currently undergoing a major construction programme. The airport work consists of the building of a new terminal. The two sites are linked through an undersea tunnel. Naha Airport is in Okinawa, which is a Japanese territory, some hundreds of miles from the main islands of Japan. The Naha Harbour and Airport Construction Office are supervising the work at the airport. Construction includes a domestic airport terminal, an undersea tunnel and a typhoon hangar.

The airport authorities feel that the new facilities are necessary to cope with rapid rises in the number of passengers. It estimates that passenger numbers could rise by about 30% between 2000 and 2005.

NAHA'S NEW DOMESTIC AIRPORT TERMINAL

The Okinawa General Trading Secretariat is responsible for the construction of Airport facilities. The new terminal at Naha first saw some work in 1993. The building was prompted by increases in passenger traffic. This involves changing the floor plan of the airport as well as constructing two car parks. The terminal has five stories and a total floor space of 28,801m3. Work on the terminal was completed in May 1999. The total cost was •29 billion. The terminal building was designed by Yasui & Miyahira Design.

NAHA AIRPORT TYPHOON HANGAR

Work at the airport also includes the construction of a hangar to shelter the aeroplanes from typhoons. This was completed in September 1998. The hangar is to the west of the runway. It is 97 metres long, 51 metres wide and 17 metres high. It has been designed to be big enough for two 150 seat aircraft, together with smaller aeroplanes. The hangar can withstand winds of up to 80 metres per second. The new facility means that the airport no longer has to be evacuated by aeroplanes whenever a typhoon strikes. This used to cause delays as the planes had to fly elsewhere and then return, disrupting services.

NAHA AIRPORT UNDERSEA TUNNEL

The Naha tunnel is designed to improve transport between the airport and the harbour as well as between the harbour and the south of the island. Construction on the tunnel began in November 1997. The method used to construct the Naha tunnel was to tow prefabricated blocks above the site and sink them into prepared trenches. Each block is each 90 metres long, 24.2 metres wide, and 8.7 metres high. The blocks are then joined together. The tunnel is roughly 24 metres underwater. The 722 metre tunnel is expected to be opened in 2006. Nippon Steel Corporation is heavily involved in the project.

URBAN MONORAIL AT NAHA

Okinawa is also seeing the construction of an urban monorail that connects the airport to the town centre as well as thirteen other stations. The 13km monorail is built by a consortium that is comprised of a group of four companies (Mitsui, Hitachi, Ltd., Toshiba Corporation, and Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd). The cost of the rail link is •24.3 billion. Naha has also seen some work done to expand the local road network to better connect the airport to the rest of the island.

ECONOMIC CONTEXT

All these public sector works are designed to help boost the local economy. Japan has been in a shallow recession for many years, and the public sector works programme is designed as a Keynesian counter-cyclical measure to increase demand. The works also have the advantage of improving the islandís infrastructure of course. The Japanese government is also keen to invest in Okinawa in order to moderate political restlessness linked to the islandís very large US military installations.

 

 

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